The house of the Faun, as you can see from your monument list, dates to the Second Century BC for the most part. Houses of the wealthy in Pompeii House of the Faun 2. ThoughtCo. There are 5 ways to get from Naples to House of the Faun by train, bus, taxi or car. The House of the Faun is named after a small bronze statue of a faun, which stands in the center of a small pool in the center of the house. The walls are decorated… The House of the Faun is an ancient, private house located in Pompeii. The House of the Faun (Italian: Casa del Fauno ), built during the 2nd century BC, was one of the largest and most impressive private residences in Pompeii, Italy, and housed many great pieces of art. The house was a residence for an elite family and it took up a whole city block, with an interior of some 3,000 square meters (nearly 32,300 square feet). The Alexander mosaic used approximately 4 million tesserae. It is a fancy aristocratic house from the Roman republic.The house shows the time period better than most archaeological things in Rome itself.. Gallery Casa del Fauno, or The House of the Faun is an extremely famous house named after a little bronze statue of a dancing faun found in the centre of its Impluvium. Other mosaics that were in the House of the Faun and can now be found at the Archaeological Museum of Naples include the Cat and Hen Mosaic, the Dove Mosaic, and the Tiger Rider Mosaic. Its facade is built of fine-grained gray tufa from Nuceria, the chief building material of this period. Hirst, K. Kris. The House of the Faun Beyond the eroded wall, you can see trees—that is the peristyle in the center of the house. K. Kris Hirst is an archaeologist with 30 years of field experience. The entrance is decorated by the Latin message “HAVE”, a greeting both for meeting and parting. House of the Faun It is one of the larger houses of Pompeii, covering an entire block of about 3000 sqm and, according to its original layout, it dates back to the 2nd century BC. The House of the Faun (Italian: Casa del Fauno), built during the 2nd century BC, was one of the largest and most impressive private residences in Pompeii, Italy, and housed many great pieces of art. Shop for house of the faun art from the world's greatest living artists. Greek painting has so far been discussed only in terms of pottery decoration because little remains of paintings in other mediums. https://www.thoughtco.com/house-of-the-faun-at-pompeii-169650 (accessed January 23, 2021). The House of the Faun contained the Alexander Mosaic, depicting the Battle of Issus in 333 BC between Alexander the Great and Darius III of Persia. A peristyle is a large open atrium surrounded by columns. Need a Hotel near House of the Faun? The style of mosaic used to recreate this historic battle of Alexander the Great defeating the Persians in 333 BCE, is called opus vermiculatum or "in the style of worms." Explore an array of House of the Faun, Pompei vacation rentals, including apartment and condo rentals, houses & more bookable online. Her work has appeared in scholarly publications such as Archaeology Online and Science. Archaeologists discovered an inscription bearing the cognomen Saturninus, suggesting that the dwelling was owned by the important gens, or clan, Satria; a ring bearing the family name Cassius was also found, indicating that someone of the Cassii family married into the gens Satria and lived in the House of the Faun.[5]. It was one of the largest and most richly decorated houses of the Roman republic period and is a reflection of the aristocratic life in Rome. Giorgio Consulich / Collection:Getty Images News / Getty Images, Little Peristyle and Tuscan Atrium ca. The bronze statue of a dancing faun is what gives the House of the Faun its name—and it is located where it would have been seen by people peering in the main doorway of the House of the Faun. 4.4 / 5. based on 15,385 reviews I'm not one who usually does overpriced tours but after reading many reviews I decided that this was the type of trip that warranted a guide, transport and local knowledge. Although scholars are somewhat divided about the exact dates, it is likely that the first construction of the House of the Faun as it is today was built about 180 BCE. It is portrayed while dancing and was placed there as a decoration for the impluvium, a shallow pool located in the atrium to collect rainwater. The House of the Faun occupies an entire city block and has two atria (chief rooms), four triclinia (dining rooms), and two large peristyle gardens. The House of the Faun • The House of the Faun is considered the finest example of a private house in Pompeii. This peristyle, which measures some 65x82 ft (20x25 m) square, had the bones of two cows in it when it was excavated in the 1830s. The peristyle's columns were added later and were at one point altered from Ionic style to Doric style. The residence is of Samnite origin and was built in the early 2nd century B.C. The Iconic Light of Geometric Relationships. Some small changes were made over the next 250 years, but the house remained pretty much as it was constructed until August 24, 79 CE, when Vesuvius erupted, and the owners either fled the city or died with other residents of Pompeii and Herculaneum. The two atria are the open rectangles at the front of the building (on the left side of this image)—the one with the "Dancing Faun" that gives the House of the Faun its name is the upper one. Mosaics on the floors of the peristyles evoke the flora and fauna of the Nile. If you look north of the dancing faun you'll see a roped off mosaic floor backed by an eroded wall. Choose your favorite house of the faun designs and purchase them as wall art, home decor, phone cases, tote bags, and more! Find out more Opens in … The reconstruction of this peristyle includes a formal garden; the owners may or may not have had a formal garden here when it was in use. Detail of a mosaic originally located in the House of the Faun, Pompeii - Detail of: 'The Battle of Issus' Roman Mosaic. Roman Mosaics - Ancient Art in Tiny Pieces, Greek Architecture - Buildings in the Classical Greek City, About Ancient Ephesus and the Celsus Library, What 250 Years of Excavation Have Taught Us About Pompeii, Stained Glass Windows: Medieval Art Form and Religious Meditation, The History of Archaeology - The First Archaeologists, The Amazing Architecture of Spain's Alhambra, Interior Design - Looking Inside Frank Lloyd Wright, The Tell Asmar Sculpture Hoard of Prayerful People, Antoni Gaudi, Art and Architecture Portfolio, History of Animal and Plant Domestication, Boundaries and Control in the Roman House, From Palaces to Pompeii: The Architectural and Social Context of Hellenistic Floor Mosaics in the House of the Faun, The Unified Plan of the House of the Faun, The Alexander Mosaic and the House of the Faun. All house of the faun artwork ships within 48 hours and includes a 30-day money-back guarantee. The statue stands above the impluvium, giving the statue a reflecting pool. Fauns, which are spirits of untamed woodland, were often connected to Pan and Greek satyrs by Romans, or followers of the Greek god of wine and agriculture, Dionysus. The House of the Faun was initially excavated in 1830 by the German archeological institute. There is evidence, most notably in the eastern walls of the tetrastyle atrium, that after the great earthquake in AD 62, the House of the Faun was rebuilt and/or repaired; and the building was used again until the eruption of Mount Vesuvius. Additionally, the house contained an entrance passage, a number of bedrooms (cubicula), dining rooms (triclinia) for both the summer and winter, a reception room (oecus), and an office (tablinum). Find a Lower Price? Overall rating. Other damage was caused by the 1980 earthquake. in Latin. Alexander Mosaic from the House of Faun, Pompeii.Republican Roman. In the lower register, two ducks feed next to an assortment of seafood. House of the Faun (Italian: Casa del Fauno) is a large residence in Pompeii that was constructed on a site of an older dwelling that dated back to the 3rd century BC. Choose from more than 6,000 properties, ideal house rentals for families, groups and couples. Fauns are spirits of untamed woodland, which literate and Hellenized Romans often connected to Pan and Greek satyrs, or wild followers of the Greek god of wine and drama, Dionysus. The house of the faun situated on the north side of the via della fortuna pictured below is named after the statue of a dancing faun found there. Hirst, K. Kris. Essentially, a peristyle is an open space surrounded by columns. The room styles at the House of the Faun fit the typology of Greek elite houses described by the Roman architect Vitruvius (80–15 BCE), rather than those typical of Roman houses. or Hail to you! [9] The house features beautiful peristyle gardens, the second of which was created as a stage to host recitations, mimes, and pantomimes. The House of the Faun, situated on the north side of the Via della Fortuna (pictured below), is named after the statue of a dancing faun found there. The house of the Faun also was an example of the fusion of the italic (Roman) house centred around an atrium and the hellenistic (Greek) style house with a peristyle. The peristyle's columns were added later and were at one point altered from Ionic style to Doric style. When first discovered in the 1830s, the mosaic was thought to represent a battle scene from the Iliad; but architectural historians are now convinced that the mosaic represents the defeat of the last Achmaenid dynasty ruler King Darius III by Alexander the Great. The House of the Faun was named for the bronze statue of the dancing faun located, originally, on the lip of the impluvium, a basin for catching rainwater; it has been moved to the centre of the impluvium, as seen in the adjacent picture. Mosaic of Battle of Issus between Alexander the Great and Darius III. Several other floor mosaics having theatrical masks and Niloti… [7], The Alexander Mosaic is complemented by other floor mosaics with Nilotic scenes and theatrical masks. A late 2nd Century BCE Roman mosaic from the House of the Faun in Pompeii, Italy. The House of the Faun is the largest, most opulent house discovered at Pompeii to date. The statue is set in the so-called 'Tuscan' atrium. The Houses most distinctive aspect was that it had a private side, and a public side with two entrances, Atrium's, Peristylium's,and Triclinium's. c. 100 bce. The wall frescoes above these pavements is the largest surviving example of the false marble panelling characteristic of the [3] The focus of the decoration of the house, the Alexander mosaic, is placed on the central visual axis between the first and second peristyles, in a room referred to as an exedra. The Dancing Faun at the House of the Faun in Pompeii. I wasn't disappointed. Select an option below to see step-by-step directions and to compare ticket prices and travel times in Rome2rio's travel planner. That battle, called the Battle of Issus, took place in 333 BCE, only 150 years before the House of the Faun was built. The House of the Faun was built in the 2nd century BC during the Samnite period (180 BC). Reconstructed Little Peristyle and Tuscan Atrium. And the reason that I show this to you is because the House of the Faun is particularly large. (2020, August 29). Large Peristyle, House of the Faun, Pompeii. • Built 2nd century BC – (300 yrs old at the time of the eruption) • Area – … Although most of the original artworks have been relocated to the National Archaeological Museum, Naples, the most famous pieces, like the Dancing Faun and the Alexander Mosaic, have been recreated to give tourists a clearer picture of what the house was originally like. The house is based upon two magnificent colonnaded gardens or peristyles, one Ionic and the other Doric. The House of the Faun covers nearly 3000 square metres and occupies an entire city block, or insula. But it shows the main flashy bits of the house—two atria and two peristyles. A Roman atrium is a rectangular open-air court, sometimes paved and sometimes with an interior basin for catching rainwater, called an impluvium. The House of the Faun is the largest, most opulent house discovered at Pompeii to date. The House of the Faun has two of these. Click on the numbered rooms to take a tour of the House of the Faun House Entrance The House of the Faun (Italian: Casa del Fauno), built during the 2nd century BC, was one of the largest and most impressive private residences in Pompeii, Italy, and housed many great pieces of art. Just to illustrate how the house has changed in the last century, this is a photograph of essentially the same location as the previous one, taken about 1900 by Giorgio Sommer. It was made using tiny (about .15 of an inch and under 4 mm) cut pieces of colored stones and glass, called "tesserae," set in worm-like rows and placed into the floor. What people are saying about House of the Faun. It is one of the most luxurious aristocratic houses from the Roman republic, and reflects this peri The House of Faun consists of the Alexander Mosaic, which represents the Battle of Issus fought between Darius III (Emperor of Persia) and Alexander the Great in 333 BC. 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