Clark was unable to accomplish much in office because of the tenuous situation of his minority government. As a former conservative Prime Minister of Canada, Minister of Constitutional Affairs, and long-time Secretary of State of External Affairs, Clark has ample credibility when it comes to describing changes in the machinations of Canadian government, how Canada has provided global leadership, and how we could lead in … He eventually became comfortable speaking and answering questions in French, which helped his political standing in Quebec.[5]. The only person to become prime minister younger than Justin Trudeau was Joe Clark. One of the two PC candidates to survive the 1993 wipe-out, Jean Charest, became leader of the PC party following Campbell's resignation. Not to mention that there are long-standing ties between him and former Prime Minister Jean Chrétien. The Honourable François-Philippe Champagne, Minister of Foreign Affairs, today announced that the Prime Minister’s Special Envoy for Canada’s bid for a non-permanent seat on the UN Security Council, The Right Honourable Joe Clark, P.C., C.C., will travel to Algeria, Bahrain, Qatar and Egypt from March 2–9. In contrast to Clark, Trudeau and Mulroney had become bitter enemies over the Meech Lake Accord,[citation needed] despite never having fought an election. [citation needed], Overall, Clark's efforts to rebuild the PC party had mixed results. On June 4, 1979, the day before his 40th birthday, Clark was sworn in as Canada's youngest prime minister, steering the first Tory government since the defeat of John Diefenbaker in the 1963 election. By late 1982, Joe Clark's leadership of the Progressive Conservatives was being questioned in many party circles and among many Tory members of Parliament, despite his solid national lead over Prime Minister Pierre Trudeau in opinion polls, which stretched to 19 percent in summer 1982. 2012. Davis' criticism of the gas tax was used in the Liberals' Ontario television ads. The Access to Information Act received royal assent in July 1982 and came into force in July 1983. Forty years ago, Joe Clark and Pierre Trudeau were trading spaces. Former Prime Minister Joe Clark is seen during a photo op in Ottawa on November 6, 2017. Trudeau's chief of staff Katie Telford is now scheduled to testify for two hours following the prime minister. ", List of books about Prime Ministers of Canada, Joe Clark – Parliament of Canada biography, Leader of the Progressive Conservative Party, Leader of the Opposition in the House of Commons, Leaders of the Official Opposition in Canada, Ministers of Justice and Attorneys General, Ministers of National Defence for Naval Services, The referendum on the Charlottetown Accord, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Joe_Clark&oldid=1001256038, Canadian Secretaries of State for External Affairs, Members of the Alberta Order of Excellence, Members of the House of Commons of Canada from Alberta, Members of the House of Commons of Canada from Nova Scotia, Members of the Queen's Privy Council for Canada, CS1 maint: bot: original URL status unknown, BLP articles lacking sources from April 2020, Articles with unsourced statements from April 2020, Articles with unsourced statements from October 2016, Wikipedia articles with SUDOC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, convincing Mulroney to recommend the appointment of, taking a strong stand against American intervention in, managing nonetheless to maintain extremely strong ties with the US, helping steer the, This page was last edited on 18 January 2021, at 22:26. He had been active in politics since 1957 in support of the Progressive Conservative Party; from 1962 to 1965 he was national president of the Progressive Conservative Student Federation. On December 13, NDP Finance Critic Bob Rae proposed a subamendment to the budget motion, stating that the House of Commons did not approve of the budget. Two by-election victories later in 2002 increased the PC caucus to 15 members and fourth place in the Commons. Not to mention that there are long-standing ties between him and former Prime Minister Jean Chrétien. Clark’s death was announced by his family, who said he died on Tuesday after a long illness.. Clark was the principal of Eastside High School in Paterson, N.J. from 1983 to 1989. Canada was the only G7 nation to take such a resolute stance against the apartheid regime during the 1980s. Clark encountered another future rival when he met Brian Mulroney at a national Young PCs meeting in 1958. Laimdota Straujuma, Prime Minister of Latvia (2014-2016) Laura Chinchilla Miranda, President of Costa Rica (2010-2014) Mari Kiviniemi, Prime Minister of Finland (2010-2011) Marie-Louise Coleiro Preca, President of Malta (2014-2019) Mary Robinson, President of Ireland (1990-1997) Paula Cox, Premier of Bermuda (2010-2012) Joe Clark has received honorary degrees from several institutions: Bold indicates parties with members elected to the House of Commons. [citation needed] Difficult budgets and the economic recession resulted in Trudeau's approval ratings declining after the bounce from the 1982 Constitution patriation and showed his party headed for certain defeat by early 1984, prompting him to retire. With Quebec's constitutional status within Canada a rising issue, he shifted to become the Minister responsible for Constitutional Affairs. McTeer suggested that for her husband, anything less than a 75% endorsement would not have been a clear enough mandate to forge onwards from the party membership. [citation needed] During delegate voting, Clark won the first ballot, but only won 36.5% of the vote, well short of the 50% required. In September 2019, Clark, along with former prime minister Jean Chretien, represented Canada at the United Nations General Assembly after the Trudeau government chose to pass on the event due to the October election. Fellow Tory MP Stanley Schumacher had much of his old riding of Palliser merged into Bow River as well. Clark served as the leader of the Progressive Conservative Party until 1983. https://www.thefamouspeople.com/profiles/joe-clark-8585.php They met when Clark hired her to work in his parliamentary office;[citation needed] McTeer had been a political organizer herself since her early teens. "[19] Clark's wife, Maureen McTeer, elaborated on Clark's decision in her 2003 autobiography, In My Own Name. How much does Justin Trudeau make as prime minister? [6], Following the resignation of PC party leader Robert Stanfield, Clark sought and won the leadership of the PC Party at the 1976 leadership convention. He came to power in the 1979 election, defeating the Liberal government of Pierre Trudeau and ending sixteen years of continuous Liberal rule. He served as Distinguished Statesman in Residence, School of International Service, and Senior Fellow, Center for North American Studies, both at the American University, Washington, D.C. It was expected that a pro-Alliance merger candidate would succeed Clark, but Clark was instead replaced by Peter MacKay on May 31, 2003. In a federal election, the Liberals returned to power, winning 147 seats to the Conservatives' 103. Clark served as a chief assistant to provincial opposition leader and future Premier Peter Lougheed, and served in the office of federal opposition leader Robert Stanfield, learning the inner workings of government. Clark later served as the President of the Queen's Privy Council for Canada. In 1973, Clark married law student Maureen McTeer. Their advertisements declared "This is no time for on-the-job training", and "We need tough leadership to keep Canada growing. Clark then attended Dalhousie Law School. The 1995 Quebec referendum saw the federal side win by less than one percent of the vote. [citation needed] McTeer has developed her own career as a well-known author and lawyer, and caused something of a fuss by keeping her maiden name after marriage. "African leaders with long memories will recall the important role Joe Clark and Brian Mulroney played in the Commonwealth in helping to bring an end to apartheid in South Africa and also stepping up to the plate in the Ethiopian famine crisis," said Hampson. "Celebrating Thirty Years of Canadian Studies at the University of California, Berkeley: 1982–2012" Accessed June 6, 2015. With many veteran Tories having been defeated in the 1968 election, the party effectively skipped a generation by selecting Clark as its new leader.[8]. He is a member of the Alberta Order of Excellence. [citation needed] Clark was convinced that he could win another leadership race and gain a clear level of support, once his qualities were compared against the handful of politically inexperienced challengers who coveted his position and who were covertly undermining his leadership. While Trudeau's National Energy Program was hugely unpopular in Western Canada, especially Alberta, it was able to shore up Liberal support in the voter-rich Eastern Canada, particularly Ontario and Quebec, generally having the opposite effect of Clark's proposed gas tax. Trudeau told his friends that the Tories had chosen the wrong man. Clark was appointed as Special Representative to the Secretary-General of the United Nations for Cyprus from 1993 to 1996. A public inquiry on these matters, and on other business dealings between Mulroney and Schreiber, was called for early 2008 by Prime Minister Stephen Harper. It also did not help that the Progressive Conservatives lost a string of by-elections on May 24, 1977. [citation needed] He then worked full-time for the Progressive Conservative Party. The Toronto Star announced Clark's victory with a headline that read "Joe Who? Updates? Clark will travel to Algeria, Bahrain, Qatar and Egypt from March 2–9 seeking votes. Please refer to the appropriate style manual or other sources if you have any questions. Joe Clark, byname of Charles Joseph Clark, (born June 5, 1939, High River, Alberta, Canada), Canadian politician who served as prime minister of Canada from June 1979 to March 1980, the youngest person ever to win the post. John Turner was a Prime Minister in waiting for too long. in political science (1973) from the University of Alberta and taught political science there from 1965 to 1967. [citation needed] Compared to his predecessor as Prime Minister, Clark reportedly had a better relationship with US President Jimmy Carter, who phoned Clark to wish him luck in the upcoming 1980 election. They also made huge gains in Ontario, particularly in the Toronto suburbs. [11] The gas tax in the budget soured Clark's relationship with Ontario Premier Bill Davis,[citation needed] even though both were Red Tories. Elections and Prime Ministers . The son of Grace (nee Welch) and Charles Clark, a newspaper editor, Joe Clark was educated at the University of Alberta in Edmontonwhere he received a BA in history and later an MA in political science. Joe Clark nabbed the all-around win for his time in office (which, notably, was nine months long so keep that in mind), seeing job growth in Canada rise by 3.7%. Clark continually promoted the idea that the PCs would eventually retake Ontario and form a federal government again. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. He was 82. Joe Clark, 80, served as the 16th prime minister of Canada between 1979 and 1980. He got his chance in 2001, when several dissident Alliance MPs, the most prominent one being Alliance deputy leader and party matriarch Deborah Grey, left the Alliance caucus. Serving the shortest term of any elected prime minister, Clark barely accomplished anything in office before he was promptly thrown back out. [citation needed], In a rematch of the 1976 convention, Mulroney emerged as the main challenger, gaining the support of the party's right wing, which viewed Clark as too progressive and opposed his continued leadership. In Canada, the prime minister serves an important role as the Head of Parliament, the main decision-making body of government. However, he ran in the federal election held a year later, and was elected to Parliament as the MP for Rocky Mountain, a largely rural riding in southwestern Alberta. An ISO 9001:2018 Certified Public Limited Company. [citation needed] The survey was used in the book Prime Ministers: Ranking Canada's Leaders by J. L. Granatstein and Norman Hillmer. [6] Clark missed being elected to the Legislative Assembly of Alberta in the 1971 provincial election. Yes, Clark is somewhat disqualified by the fact that he actually was the prime minister, but being in power for less than nine months hardly counts in the history books. Social Credit was below the 12 seats needed for official party status in the House of Commons. [9] Initially, it seemed unlikely that a man who was the source of so much mockery could ever hope to compete against the confident and intellectual Pierre Trudeau. The only person to become prime minister younger than Justin Trudeau was Joe Clark. He competed with the University of Alberta Debate Society. Joe Clark, Canada’s 16th prime minister and the one with the most easily pronounceable name. However, he spent more time with the Dalhousie Student Union, Progressive Conservative politics and the Dalhousie Gazette, than on his courses. This is common practice when a newly elected party leader does not already have a seat in Parliament. In 1993, he founded his own consulting firm, Joe Clark and Associates, Ltd., which he still heads. Clark served in Mulroney’s government as secretary of state for external affairs (1984–91) and president of the Queen’s Privy Council (1991–93). In September 2019, Clark, along with former prime minister Jean Chretien, represented Canada at the United Nations General Assembly after the Trudeau government chose to pass on the event due to the October election. However, Trudeau also complimented Clark as a respectable leader and a better choice over Brian Mulroney, who had defeated Clark at the leadership convention in 1983. The youngest prime minister in Canadian history, Joe Clark, then leader of the Progressive Conservative Party, was elected in 1979 at the age of 39. These positions put Clark at odds with the right-wing members of his caucus, several members of which were not afraid to confront him. Mr Key, who was formerly at Merrill Lynch as a foreign exchange dealer, ended nine years of Labour Party rule in 2008 when he ousted Helen Clark as prime minister. Citing this, Clark announced his intention to step down as PC leader on August 6, 2002, at the PC Party's Edmonton policy convention. Joe Louis Clark, the baseball bat and bullhorn-wielding principal whose unwavering commitment to his students and uncompromising disciplinary methods inspired the 1989 film “Lean on Me,” died at his Florida home on Tuesday after a long battle with an unspecified illness, his family said. Pierre Elliott … [citation needed] Other party members felt that the federal Liberal Party's stranglehold on Quebec seats (they held all but one of the province's 75 seats) could only be broken by a native from that province, which gave Mulroney considerable support. Jock Osler, a former journalist, radio personality and press secretary under Prime Minister Joe Clark, has died at 83. Bold indicates parties with members elected to the House of Commons, Progressive Conservative leadership convention 1976, Secretary of State for External Affairs (Minister of Foreign Affairs), Minister responsible for Constitutional Affairs, Progressive Conservative leadership, 1998–2003, Progressive Conservative–Canadian Alliance merger, CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (, CS1 maint: bot: original URL status unknown (. Clark began a one-week trip Monday as "special envoy" to Algeria, Bahrain, Qatar and Egypt to campaign for Canada's bid for a temporary two … 15 out of the first 20 prime ministers through Jean Chrétien. It was widely seen as being the failure of the Charlottetown and prior Meech Lake accords that had caused it to be so close. At the time of his retirement, polls showed that he was in fact the single most trusted political personality in Canada. Others attacked Clark's goal of the PC party regaining its former power as unrealistic. This lasted until 2002, when Stephen Harper ousted Day as Alliance leader. As other Red Tory candidates were eliminated during the first four ballots, Clark gradually overtook Mulroney and then Wagner to emerge as the victor on the fourth ballot, by 1,187 votes to 1,122. [citation needed] This was also considering that the governing Liberals under Pierre Trudeau were slipping in polls, and although the PCs had built up a substantial lead in popularity, Trudeau was expected to retire before the election and a new Liberal leader could have been able to pull off a victory. Joe Clark: Joe Clark was the 16th Prime Minister of Canada. [citation needed] He hired experienced staffers such as Lowell Murray, Duncan Edmonds, and William Neville, who shaped his policies and ran his office efficiently. Clark managed to lure Socred MP Richard Janelle to the government caucus, but this still left the Tories five seats short of a majority. He was elected for Kings—Hants, Nova Scotia, in a by-election on September 11, 2000, after the incumbent MP, Scott Brison, stood down in his favour. In 1983, after declaring that an endorsement by 66.9% of delegates at the party's biennial convention was not enough, Clark called a leadership convention to decide the issue. Joe Clark's rapid rise from a relatively unknown Alberta MP to the Leader of the Opposition took much of Canada by surprise. Clark’s death was announced by his family, who said he died on Tuesday after a long illness.. Clark was the principal of Eastside High School in Paterson, N.J. from 1983 to 1989. Joe Clark, Canada’s 16th prime minister, is one of seven Canadian PMs who have planted ceremonial trees over the years at the Kingston home of Arthur Milnes and Alison Bogle. Along with Arthur Meighen, Clark is one of two former Prime Ministers who have returned to prominent roles in Parliament. However, the publication of The Secret Mulroney Tapes shows that Mulroney continued to hold negative feelings towards Clark during the 1980s and 1990s. Clark's campaign countered this by trying to polarize the election between right wingers and a centrist who had been able to win before. Clark served as Public Policy Scholar at the Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars. [17] After the government fell, Clark's party was caught off guard when Pierre Trudeau quickly rescinded his resignation from the Liberal leadership to lead his party into the subsequent election. He served as president of the University of Alberta Young Progressive Conservatives, and eventually served as national president for the Young PCs group. During the same tour, while inspecting a military honour guard, Clark turned too soon and nearly bumped into a soldier's bayonet; one of the first major media reports on the incident claimed, with some exaggeration, that he had nearly been beheaded. The PC party lost ground in Quebec (due in part to the departure of Jean Charest to provincial politics), which resulted in three members of the PC caucus defecting to join the Liberal Party prior to the election. [citation needed]. [citation needed]. Joe Clark, 80, served as the 16th prime minister of Canada between 1979 and 1980. History recounts Robert Stanfield as the best prime minister Canada never had, but Joe Clark could give the man a run for his money. About us Clark played into their hands by appearing bumbling and unsure in public. Trudeau became prime minister again. During his time at the university, Clark pursued his two interests of journalism and politics. Trudeau had put off asking the Canadian Governor General to call an election as long as possible, in the hope that his party could recover popular support but it backfired, as there was growing public antipathy towards his perceived arrogance. He was editor of the student newspaper, The Gateway, and was also national Progressive Conservative (PC) student president. Taking office the day before his 40th birthday, Clark is the youngest person to become Prime Minister. [25] He criticized the new Conservative Party as an "Alliance take-over", and speculated that eastern Canada would not accept the new party or its more socially conservative policies against gay marriage and abortion. Joe Clark, the New Jersey principal who inspired the 1989 film “Lean on Me” starring Morgan Freeman, has died. Many delegates were offended by his expensive leadership campaign. Clark served as Mulroney's minister of external affairs. Canada's sixteenth and youngest Prime Minister, he served with distinction as Secretary of State for External Affairs, President of the Privy Council and Minister responsible for Constitutional Affairs. Taylor sheltered six Americans and helped them escape Iran during the 1979 hostage crisis. University of California, Berkeley Canadian Studies Program. [citation needed], Clark's refusal to work with the Socreds, combined with the gasoline tax, came back to haunt him when the budget came before the House of Commons in December 1979. One of the two, Inky Mark, eventually joined the PCs. His vision for the party was one that was to the left of the Alliance, but to the right of the Liberals. He was honoured as Commandeur de l'Ordre de la Pleiade from La Francophonie. in history (1960) and an M.A. The Honourable François-Philippe Champagne, Minister of Foreign Affairs, today announced that the Prime Minister’s Special Envoy for Canada’s bid for a non-permanent seat on the UN Security Council, The Right Honourable Joe Clark, P.C., C.C., will travel to Algeria, Bahrain, Qatar and Egypt from March 2–9. His appointments color his cabinet blue with a pink tinge. Clark travelled to Algeria, Bahrain, Qatar and Egypt in an effort to seek votes for Canada. 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