Shrimp, Earthworms, bloodworms, mealworms, small insect larvae, marine crustaceans and smaller live prey including fishes are meaty live food enjoyed by these species. The Red Shoulder Severum ( Heros cf. However, due to the fact that the Golden and Red Spotted Severum are captive breeds they are not found in the wild, but would exhibit similar characteristics as their wild counterparts. Then both parents will then defend and protect their eggs until they hatch. The Gold Severum is a carnivore and will eat most prepared and frozen foods, including freeze-dried bloodworms, tubifex, and ocean plankton, as well as flake food and Cichlid pellets. They are semi-aggressive and territorial too, so they are most suitably housed in a singular tank or with other social species but with a large enough tank and lots of rock and caves to provide territorial boundaries. If you particularly ask what is the best food for Banded Cichlids, we recommend the: Hikari Cichlid Gold Floating Pellets Large. Red Spotted Severum (Heros appendiculatus/Heros efasciatus). Temperament and Tank Mates: Green severum cichlids are quite aggressive in temperament, especially when spawning. These fishes add attractive and eye catchy colors to the fresh water aquarium. Golden and Red Spotted Severum are omnivores and would feed on a variety of diets including meaty food and vegetables. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. The minimum tank size required for these fish is a 50-gallon tank – single fish. The Golden Severum has a pale yellowish gold color with a yellow anal, pelvic and pectoral fins. They are a captive breed of the Gold Severum precisely to increase the red color of the fish. Diet / Foods : Food items in wild fish include plants, benthic algae, insects and other fish. They are social species and can be kept in schools of 4-6. Severum Cichlid - Origins. The Banded Cichlids are native to the South American river basins such as the Orinoco river basins including drainages in Colombia and Venezuela. Severums will not do well in an aquarium with very aggressive fish like … ► Maintain suitable water temperature, and change the water weekly or bi-weekly. Add a few plants as well as rocks, but leave adequate space for the fish to enjoy. They are known to be one of the most friendliest fish within the cichlid … Often confused with Heros severus, (previously known as Cichlasoma severum) Severum are a favorite South American cichlid kept by many tropical fish keeping enthusiasts. This will help keep the water clean and also discourage fungus and algae growth. They should also be fed with vegetables. Their best tank mate are fish such as the Red Head Tapajo or other Severum. Their diets can also be supplemented with high quality and vitamin enriched flaked food and pellets. Their common names include the Banded Cichlid, Hero Cichlid and the Severum. The Gold Severum carefully tends to its fry. Should not be kept with bite-sized tank mates, nor with very aggressive or territorial fish as this Severum can be shy. We have various types of cichlid fishes available for sale. For the Gold Severum, Heros severus (Haeckel, 1840), it could not be farther from the truth. After this is done, the breeding mates should be separated as the male may become overly aggressive towards other males in a bid to protect and defend their territory. Just with every other species of the Cichlid genus, the Severum Cichlids, the back parts of the dorsal, anal, pelvic and pectoral fins have spiny rays to help wade off predators. Suitable tankmates include Angelfish, Plecos, Horseface Loaches, Brown Hoplos, Ropefish, Barbs, and similar sized Gouramis. They are also not as picky as their cousins, tolerating wider temperature ranges (74-84°F). The Red Shoulder Severum is arguably the most popular severum cichlid due to its incredible adult coloration! The fry can be fed with baby brine shrimp, crushed flake or pellet foods, micro worms and daphnia. Very beautiful fish to add to your aquarium! Red Spotted Severums require an aquarium of 55 gallons for a single specimen, with a pair requiring 75-90 gallons. Severum Cichlids. The driftwood also helps to lower the pH level and create the ‘tea-stained’ color of their natural habitat – the South American rivers. The temperature should range from 73-77°F. The tail and dorsal fins are whitish with yellow spots. The blood parrot cichlid (or more commonly and formally known as parrot cichlid; no binomial nomenclature) is a hybrid thought to be between the midas and the redhead cichlid, although the true parent species has not been confirmed by breeders.The fish was first bred in Taiwan around 1986. Scientific Name : Heros efasciatus Common Names : Severum, Common Severum, Hero Cichlid Care Level : Easy to keep and will adjust to a relatively wide range of water parameters. H. efasciatus gets to about 12 inches (31 cm) and needs at least a 55 gallon aquarium or larger. Depending on their coloration and body patterns, there are different types of species belonging to this family, but this description refers to the two most common types: The Golden Severum (Heros severus) and The Red Spotted Severum (Heros efasciatus) with more interest on the beautifully colored Red Spotted Severum. Since, the demand for Convict Cichlids are less in the hobby, you need to decide if you want to raise them or not. Some of these plants can be deeply planted in the substrate as these species tend to dig the substrate or floating, as they enjoy playing amongst their leaves and will also help to diffuse light and provide shades too. efasciatus , formerly H. severus ) is a very popular mid-sized cichlid that has been … As social species, they can be kept with other species, but this will require a larger tank of 100 gallon or more. They are known by the scientific name Heros severus and also by the name Cichlasoma severum. However, the Red Spotted Severum are primarily a color variant of the Golden Severum. They have eight dark vertical bands along their sides which fades as they continue to age. They exhibit sexual dimorphism with the female having dark specks on the dorsal fins and are void of pattering on their head. However, the Red Spotted Severum may feed on the first batch of the egg they lay. Care Level : Easy to keep and will adjust to a relatively wide range of water parameters. They possess soft front fins which aids them for effortless swimming and accurate positioning in the water. Diet: Many cichlids specialize in eating one type of food; notwithstanding, some of these specialized Banded Cichlids can grow up to 20 cm long. Severums are an excellent beginner South American Cichlid due to their ease of care, manageable temperament, and low cost. Size is roughly around 3-4 inches. Hailing from Guyana and the Northern Amazon basin, Severum (Heros severus) have a similar body shape to the Discus, but do not grow as large (7” max). Plants such as the Anacharis, Anubias, Cabomba, and Hornwort will create a natural home feel for the Golden and Red Spotted Severum. They can also be kept with peaceful species. Gender : May have to wait until they are mature and the males will have more spots on the face and gills. The parents continue protecting the fry for up to 6 weeks, after which they can be moved to a separate tank for nursing until they are mature enough to explore other aquarium worlds. They also tend to grow larger than other severum breeds and are more attractive too. Depending on their coloration and body patterns, there are many varieties, the most popular ones being the Golden and Red Spotted Severum which are a variety of a captive breed. When you purchase pet fish from us, you know you're receiving premium quality fish and premium quality service. Andrew here, in the fishkeeping hobby for more than 20 years! Hello folks and welcome to the Codex! Learn more. After more years than I care to acknowledge, I'm finally going to set up a saltwater tank. Ideal tank mates include similar sized: Other South American Cichlids, Plecos , Scavenger Catfish and similar sized, miscellaneous fish. Instead of a large feed once a day, they can be fed small quantities several times a day with just enough they could finish in 3-5 minutes. Every leftover should be removed as soon as they are done eating. Banded Cichlids are omnivores, and can be fed with small live and frozen foods. To mimic the dense vegetation area of their natural habitat, the tank can be decorated with both live and plastic plants. The Banded Cichlid is a member of the Cichlids genus originating from the South American rivers including the Orinoco river basins and the upper Negro river basin. Severum Cichlids are South American Cichlids from the northern Amazon region of Brazil. Lots of rocks and sunken driftwoods can be used to provide caves and alleyways which allow for hiding places, a hunting spot for prey, a breeding spot and also help them to create territorial boundaries. What are the suitable tank mates for Banded Cichlids? They are suitable with other Cichlid species and with other species having the same semi-aggressive temperaments. I have a 45 gal. They will do best in a cichlid community tank. Water Parameters: Domestic Severums do best in waters with these parameters based on my experience (these were a very popular fish among my clients): A temperature of 74 - 84° F (24 - 29° C). Common Names : Severum, Common Severum, Hero Cichlid. Severum Cichlids tend to resemble their larger cousins, the Discus cichlids, in body shape and feature a laterally compressed oval shaped frame. The South American Cichlids are very hardy and easy to care. They prefer an aquarium with dense plant vegetation and lots of shelter spots. Breeding Banded cichlids are moderately hard to breed, but if successful they will form a strong pairing and there eggs will be laid on a flat surface such as the tank glass or slate. This does not mean a fish cannot be found in other habitats. … Tank compatibility A reasonably peaceful large Cichlid, can be kept a little like Discus by way of temperament. However, a 100-gallon tank is required for a breeding pair or community tank. Behavior: They also have a craving for vegetables and processed foods. The Gold Severum ( Heros cf. Convict Cichlid. The Banded Cichlid is a tropical freshwater species belonging to the Cichlid family and originating from the upper Orinoco and upper Rio Negro basins in South America. Also increasing the water temperature will encourage breeding. Breeding : Can become quite aggressive during spawning. The water should be changed weekly replacing up to 20% of the water at each interval. What is the maximum size of Banded Cichlids? They tend to prefer vegetables to most of their meaty foods. Depending on the age and size, the female will lay up 1000 eggs and the male will fertilize them. Min Tank Size: Nothing smaller than a 75 gallon. They are also found in the Amazon river basins and the upper Negro river. Habitat: This is the primary location where the cichlid is found and is a generalization. The original Severum Cichlid has a greenish body with a yellowish gold belly. Updated August 6, 2019Author: Mike - FishLore AdminSocial Media: The Hero Severum (Heros efasciatus) is known as the common severum - the fish pictured is actually a wild collected Heros notatus. In general they have a moderate care level, and with proper care and adequate tank conditions the Banded Cichlids can live up to 10 years. There are aggressive ones who don't share their tank with any fish, there are few which are well behaved in a community tank & also few which are gentle giants. Also a chunk of wood would provide a good spot for spawning. This would require a well-filtered and moderate moving 50 gallon tank having a slightly acidic pH level of 6.0-6.5, water hardness ranging from 4-6 dGH and a temperature of 23.3-28.9˚C, so getting a heater is something you should definitely consider. Water Parameters : pH 6 - 8 | dH range: 5 - 25 | Temperature : 75°F - 85°F (24°C - 29°C), Origin / Habitat : South America, Amazon River basin and its tributaries (ref: fishbase), Temperament / Behavior : May eat smaller fish as it grows and can become aggressive with other fish (it is a cichlid). Severum Cichlid Aquarium Care Severum Cichlids are some what semi-aggressive & again it depends on the personality of the fish. They can also be fed frozen foods such as the frozen brine shrimp and frozen bloodworms. The breeding process can be encouraged with the right water condition and feeding them adequately. Aquarium Care How to successfully keep Green Severum in the home aquarium. Unsuitable tankmates for these species include, Shrimps, Snails, Sharks, Tiger Barbs. The male and female will then clean a rock top or dig into the substrate to prepare a place for their eggs. Aquarium Care How to successfully keep Red Spotted Severum in the home aquarium. However, the Golden and Red Spotted Severum are best kept in a singular tank, or most suitably with pairs of the same kind. The convict cichlids are universally agreed upon to be the easiest to keep cichlids. Tetras – Neon Tetra (Paracheirodon innesi), Dwarf Angelfish – Golden Angelfish (Centropyge aurantia). Also known as Zebra Cichlids, the Convict Cichlid is a species of fish that is incredibly popular in the fish keeping hobby due to their low care requirements, and their beautiful coloring. Feel free to get in touch using the Contact page! If you decide you do not want to raise them, I do understand the reason; with 200 fry every month or 2, it gets difficult to keep or provide them a place. With time they will naturally pair up and select breeding mates. They are found in moderate moving water with a slight acidic pH level of 6.0-6.5, water hardness ranging from 4-6 dGH and a temperature of 23.3-28.9˚C. But as soon as they start to grow, a larger tank should be sought for because they can grow to an exceeding size of 20 cm. Can be relatively peaceful but can still be a Cichlid. These are very beautiful, lovely, personable and quite durable fishes. For this, driftwood, rocks, and caves will do since they mimic natural division in territories. The Red Shoulder Severum is native to the Amazon Basin in South America. They are a peaceful fish that will do well in a community tank setting. In the wild they would primarily feed on live foods including small prey. After the eggs hatch, the parents will take them up in their mouth until they are free swimming and mature enough to hunt for food. With proper care and right tank condition, Banded Cichlids can live up to 10 years. Severum Alternative Name(s): Banded Cichlid Scientific Name(s): Heros efasciatus Category: Cichlid Difficulty: Maximum Size: 25cms Minimum Tank Volume: 210 litres Minimum Tank Size: 48" x 15" x 18" Water Temperature Range: 22-29°C Water pH Range: 5.5-7.0 Water Hardness Range: 1-8 dGH They are egg guarders and really need their own tank for breeding. Green Severum require an aquarium of 55 gallons for a pair and the aquarium should be larger (75-90 gallons) if multiple tank mates are added. The female will move the eggs onto the cleaned rock surface or the hole they dug. Blood parrots should not be confused with other parrot cichlids or salt water parrotfish (family Scaridae). Moreover, they can also be territorial, so they will require enough space to form and maintain their territory. The male and female should be properly fed to induce breeding. The Gold or Golden Severum and Red Spotted Severum are both a variety of the captive breed of the Severum Cichlids. Diet: Omnivorous, Accepts all live, flake and frozen. When they are ready for breeding, the male will darken and intensify its color. See more ideas about cichlids… These processed foods should be of high quality and vitamins enriched too. Suitable tankmates include Angelfish, Plecos, Horseface Loaches, Brown Hoplos, Ropefish, Barbs, Pearl Cichlids, Flag Cichlids, and similar sized Gouramis. Water should be of high quality and vitamin enriched flaked food and vegetables Cichlids can up. Shoulder Severum ( Cichlasoma Severum weekly or bi-weekly shape, incredible intelligence and impressive colors! They lay Severum may feed on the perimeter to defend it from.. And bright Red eyes they owe their name ‘ Banded Cichlids are what... And Maintain their territory attractive too they exhibit sexual dimorphism with the female will then clean a rock top dig... All live, flake and frozen bloodworms ( Haeckel, 1840 ), it could be! 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