[76] Improvements were also made in farmworkers' wages,[39] and the Agricultural Wages Board in 1948 not only safeguarded wage levels, but also ensured that workers were provided with accommodation. A strong chain of regional offices was set up within its planning ministry to provide a strong lead in regional development policies. Various other pieces of legislation provided for child benefit and support for people with no other source of income. Party leader Clement Attlee became Prime Minister replacing Winston Churchill in late July. In November, he retired as the Leader of the Labour Party and was succeeded by Hugh Gaitskell. This concise thematic biography explores his life and achievement. Clement attlee, was born on January 3, 1883, in London, into a middle-class family. Williamson, Adrian. Clement Attlee received the Order of the Garter, the Order of Merit and the Order of the Companions of Honour. Empfohlen; Beliebt; Neueste „There is no such thing as the Shadow Cabinet. In the 1924 first Labor government led by Ramsay MacDonald he served as the Under-Secretary of State for War. Clement Attlee was the Labour prime minister who presided over Britain's radical postwar government, delivering the end of the Empire in India, the foundation of the NHS and Britain's place in NATO. [60], The Fair Wages Resolution of 1946 required any contractor working on a public project to at least match the pay rates and other employment conditions set in the appropriate collective agreement. Seine Schulzeit verbrachte er am Haileybury and Imperial Service College und schließlich am University College in Oxford. Clement Attlee Achievements. [83] The Law Reform (Personal Injuries) Act 1948 enabled employees to sue their employers in cases where they experienced injury due to the negligence of a fellow employee. He developed a view that private charities would do no good for the poor people and income redistribution by the state was the only way out. War pensions and allowances (for both World Wars) were increased by an Act of 1946 which gave the wounded man with an allowance for his wife and children if he married after he had been wounded, thereby removing a grievance of more than twenty years standing. Living conditions were poor; instead of expansion, the country's task was to replace the national wealth destroyed or used up during the war. His greatest achievement, surpassing many of these, was, perhaps, the establishment of a political and economic consensus about the governance of Britain that all parties, whether Labour, Conservative or Liberal subscribed to for three decades, fixing the arena of political discourse until the later 1970s. Attlee is the only Labour leader to hold office for such a long period. It did not include the nationalisation of iron and steel, which was approved only by the Labour Party. Millions of people died in the partition of India and the creation of Pakistan. [46] Under the National Assistance Act of 1948, local authorities had a duty "to provide emergency temporary accommodation for families which become homeless through no fault of their own. Britain. [36] Personal Social Services or welfare services were developed in 1948 for individual and families in general, particularly special groups such as the mentally disordered, deprived children, the elderly, and the handicapped. Description: Marking the 75th anniversary of Clement Attlee becoming Prime Minister with a Labour landslide in 1945, we remember the achievements of that government with three exclusive posters designed by Labour. The Shops Act of 1950 consolidated previous legislation which provided that no one could be employed in a shop for more than six hours without having a break for at least 20 minutes. [24], The New Towns Act of 1946 set up development corporations to construct new towns, while the Town and Country Planning Act of 1947 instructed county councils to prepare development plans and also provided compulsory purchase powers. Lord Addison succeeds Morrison as. He became the mayor of the Metropolitan Borough of Stepney in 1919. Clement Atlee became Prime Minister. Labour’s domestic achievements, more important is the fact that such a film from a leftist film-maker had an altogether absent dimension. William A. Robson, "Nationalised industries in Britain and France". "[40] In 1951, a comforts allowance was introduced that was automatically paid to war pensioners "receiving unemployability supplement and constant attendance allowance. Attlee noted in As it Happened that a Colonel Vigne, with whom he played bridge as he sailed to Gallipoli, branded him a “damned democratic, socialist, tub-thumping rascal”. In 1950 he readily accepted the need for Allied entry in the Korean War and for a new rearmament program. In 1930 he became the Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster and the Postmaster-General in 1931. "Consensus in the Postwar Period After 1945," in David Loades, ed., Learn how and when to remove this template message, Political history of the United Kingdom (1945–present), Iron and Steel Corporation of Great Britain, Secretary of State for the Home Department, Secretary of State for Commonwealth Relations, Parliamentary Under-Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs, Under-Secretary of State for the Home Department, Parliamentary and Financial Secretary to the Admiralty, Parliamentary Secretary to the Ministry of Agriculture and Fisheries, Parliamentary Secretary to the Minister of Aircraft Production, Parliamentary Secretary to the Minister of Civil Aviation, Under-Secretary of State for the Colonies, Minister of State for Commonwealth Relations, Under-Secretary of State for Commonwealth Relations, Under-Secretary of State for Dominion Affairs, Parliamentary Secretary to the Minister of Education, Parliamentary Secretary to the Minister of Food, Parliamentary Secretary to the Minister of Fuel and Power, Parliamentary Secretary to the Ministry of Health, Under-Secretary of State for India and Burma, Parliamentary Secretary to the Minister of Labour, Parliamentary Secretary to the Minister of National Insurance, Parliamentary Secretary to the Minister of Pensions, Parliamentary Secretary to the Minister of Supply, Parliamentary Secretary to the Minister of Town and Country Planning, Parliamentary Secretary to the Board of Trade, Parliamentary Secretary to the Minister of Transport, Parliamentary Secretary to the Minister of Works, Law Reform (Contributory Negligence) Act 1945, Housing (Financial and Miscellaneous Provisions) Act 1946, National Insurance (Industrial Injuries) Act 1946, Education (Miscellaneous Provisions) Act 1948, Nurseries and Child-Minders Regulation Act 1948, House of Commons (Redistribution of Seats) Act 1949, Landlord and Tenant (Rent Control) Act 1949, National Parks and Access to the Countryside Act 1949, Workmen's Compensation (Supplementation) Act 1951, List of nationalizations by country#United Kingdom, "British public opinion on National Health Service reform", "HC S Budget Resolution and Economic Situation", "Who, What, Why: Why do the rich get child benefit? 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