1. This year, there will be about seven thousand emaciated little men, padded out with pillows and other stuffing, bad-fitting cotton beards (washable, fireproof nylon beards and wigs for Santa Clauses cost $24.95 at Gimbels), red cheese-cloth, and black oilcloth boots, ringing bells at seven thousand corners of these United States, distracting citizens and cutting down on the capital goods production of the country. There is no evidence that St. Nicholas suggested Holland to the New York patriots; for a century, ever since the Whig revolt in England, Holland was increasingly cut off from the Colonies, and as Hanover replaced Orange on the English throne the Dutch, if noticed at all, were not noticed with favor. At right: A photo of the old Wright house. Tammany had started out King Tammany, in opposition to King George; but in 1771 it had become St. Tammany, in opposition to St. George. To use Dr. Edgar Romig’s phrase, the Dutch were hagiophobic to a preeminent degree. I, but John Pintard. back16. But the items can be explained. 326-330. Professor of chemistry and natural philosophy at Columbia College, in these years 1804 to 1809 he was United States Senator, not by election, but by appointment of Clinton’s party as Clinton’s successor. Illustrations, which, I understand, were the first published by lithograph in America, accompany eight quatrains about Santeclaus. Anapests for children’s verse were standard; see the 1810 verses quoted above. Such holdover customs of the old country die here—quickly, if the group is quickly assimilated; more slowly if, like the Pennsylvania Germans, they resist the melting pot. Read 2 reviews from the world's largest community for readers. Although travelling zoos and circuses were popular at the time, none of the ads, broadsides, or news items indicates any reindeer. Now just at that moment, Mitchill was making a great play for Historicity. Neither did the Historical Society, of which he was now a leading member, nor the Democrats, whom he represented in the Assembly and was shortly to represent in the Congress of the United States; nor the authors and artists whom he worked with and sponsored, nor the wealthy Dutch burghers, now, at last, by grace of Irving, the aristocracy of the city. The next December (1810), Pintard printed the Society’s Sancte Claus goed heylig man, with a drawing made up of freshly coined iconography. As Irving’s biographer, Professor Stanley Williams, records, the act of writing this lovable satire interested the author in history, so that from his pen eventually flowed his Columbus, Astoria, and Washington. We come now to the founder of this Society, John Pintard—that singular mixture of heterogeneous particles, as Hazard called him.7 In the immediate post-Revolutionary era, he led innumerable new movements: in the Marine Society; in founding the historical societies of this country, starting with Massachusetts; in the first insurance company, the first savings bank; in the American Bible Society, and the General Theological Seminary; in the New York Common Council and in the State Assembly; in the Louisiana Purchase and the Erie Canal. Walter Scott wrote to an American friend, who sent him the second edition---- Doubt has been cast on the assignment of these verses to Moore (cf. Then no other mention of St. Nicholas until 1793, long after the Revolution. I emphasize that there is a good chance that these patriots never had Holland in mind at all. 87) through Judge Benson. In statements about St. Nicholas’ patronage of The New-York Historical Society, the year 1810 is usually cited. 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