Mark says had he not overslept that afternoon, he probably would have died in the blaze. Sea Combat off the Falklands. Figure 1: HMS Sheffield (D80). , At the time of the hit, the captain was off duty in his cabin after having previously visited the operations room, while Sheffield's anti-air warfare officer (AAWO) was in the wardroom chatting to the stewards and his assistant was in the heads. HMS Sheffield. "The Loss of HMS Sheffield – A Technical Re-assessment" RINA Warship Conference, Bath, June 2015, Hansard: HC Deb 23 October 1989 vol 158 cc357-8W 357W, "Commissioning Souvenir 1975: HMS Sheffield", "Revealed: catalogue of failings that sank Falklands warship HMS Sheffield", https://apps.dtic.mil/dtic/tr/fulltext/u2/a475901.pdf, Argentine Account of the role of the Exocet during the War, "Icons of England, "Always Look on the Bright Side of Life, "Rakieta, która nie wybuchła – czyli o zatopieniu HMS Sheffield", "sci.military.naval FAQ, Part F – Surface Combatants Section F.7: Aluminum in warship construction", "Advances in Aluminum Relative to Ship Survivability", "Aluminum Hull Structure in Naval Applications", "Aluminum's Not to Blame For Warship Loss", Official Website of the HMS Sheffield Association, Revealed: catalogue of failings that sank Falklands warship HMS Sheffield, Report of Board of Inquiry at HMS Nelson into loss of HMS Sheffield, May 1982, British Naval Forces of the Falklands War, Shipwrecks and maritime incidents in 1982, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=HMS_Sheffield_(D80)&oldid=995456062, Cold War destroyers of the United Kingdom, Falklands War naval ships of the United Kingdom, Articles with unsourced statements from May 2013, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, (Latin: "With God's help our labour is successful"). In December 1942, Sheffield and Jamaica formed "Force R", under the command of Rear-Admiral Robert Burnett (in Sheffield), which provided cover for Convoy JW 51B. She went into reserve in January 1959,but as the refit of HMS Swiftsure was stopped due to structure weakness, and the Town cruisers, was considered far more comfortable and able to carry far more light AA, HMS Sheffield was the final World War II cruiser to be refitted for possible use as a GFS monitor, and became flagship of the Reserve Fleet and served again at sea in 1960 and then as an accommodation ship until September 1964, when she was placed on the disposal list. The radar contacts were also seen by Invincible, which directed Sea Harriers on combat patrol to investigate, but they detected nothing. [a] The sinking of the Type 21 frigates Antelope and Ardent, both of which had aluminium superstructures, probably also had an effect on this belief, though these cases are again incorrect and the presence of aluminium had nothing to do with their loss. HMS Sheffield was attacked on May 4, 1982, with the missile hitting close to the warship’s galley. during the Second World War 1939-1945. Sea Combat off the Falklands. Date: 1863 - 1913 Arrangement: The documents are stored by year in numerical sequence of registered number, as they were received, and have not been rearranged under the names of individual ships. Unlike most Royal Navy ships of her time, her fittings were constructed from stainless steel instead of the more traditional brass. Prior to the attack, Sheffield's radar operators had been experiencing difficulty distinguishing Mirage and Super Étendard aircraft, and the destroyer may have lacked effective IFF or radar jamming. John Bond. However, by 1966 examination showed Sheffield had deteriorated too much in unmaintained reserve in Fareham Creek and could not be preserved.  Following a refit in the early 1980s, significant design issues with the ship's Type 909 radar (which was responsible for control and targeting of the Sea Dart missiles) were identified. 21 Oct 1939 The German merchant Gloria (5896 GRT) is intercepted and captured off Iceland in position 65°30'N, 22°05'W by the British light cruiser HMS Sheffield (Capt.  Sheffield's UAA1 sensor was then blocked by an unauthorised transmission by the ship's satellite communications systems (SCOT).  The wreck is presently a war grave and designated as a protected place under the Protection of Military Remains Act 1986. Lee Cunliffe. The spread of the fire was not adequately controlled due to the presence of ignitable material coverings, lack of adequate curtains and sealing to restrict smoke and fires. This page was last edited on 21 December 2020, at 03:30. CEM1 Served from 1976 - 1980 Served in HMS Sheffield. During this engagement, the destroyer Achates and the minesweeper Bramble were sunk by gunfire of the two German vessels. , The fires in Sheffield and other ships damaged by fire caused a later shift by the Royal Navy from the nylon and synthetic fabrics then worn by British sailors. This was an attempt to reduce the amount of … She took part in actions against several major German warships. A £3.7bn order for the first three ships was placed in 2017. Her equipment was removed at Rosyth in 1967 and she was then broken up at Faslane in the same year. HMS Sheffield was one of the Southampton sub class of the Town-class cruisers of the Royal Navy during the Second World War.She took part in actions against several major German warships. As this provided a prominent target for then-new infrared homing missiles, only Sheffield and the next two in the class the Argentinian Hércules and Santísima Trinidad had these 'ears'. Supporting the mission were an Argentine Air Force Learjet 35 as a decoy and two IAI Daggers as the KC-130 escorts. , In 2015, a MOD re-assessment of the attack concluded that the Exocet warhead did indeed detonate inside Sheffield, with the results supported by analysis using modern damage analysis tools not available in 1982 and evidence from weapon hits and trials conducted since the end of the Falklands campaign. Contemporary accounts suggested incorrectly that the missile failed to explode, despite disabling the ship's electrical distribution systems and breaching the pressurised sea water fire main. The Neptune kept the British ships under surveillance, verifying Sheffield's position again at 8:14 and 8:43. Lost Crew of HMS Sheffield (D80) Roll Call. At the outbreak of war, Sheffield served with the 18th Cruiser Squadron, patrolling the Denmark Straits and then, in April 1940, she was engaged in the Norwegian Campaign. Last broadcast 9.00am 20/4/2012. , As the first of her class of Royal Navy destroyers, Sheffield spent her first years trialling the new systems and the Sea Dart missile system, particularly as the intended Sea Dart trials ship, HMS Bristol, suffered serious fires and problems with its steam systems restricting its use in the late 1970s. Arrow and Yarmouth assisted in fighting the fire from the outside (to little effect) by stationing themselves to port and starboard respectively. Twenty crew members of the Royal Navy destroyer HMS Sheffield (D80) died when it was hit by an Argentinian air strike. With the main fire fighting systems out of action due to the loss of the fire main the crew were reduced to fighting the fire using portable electrically powered pumps and buckets. The control of firefighting lacked cohesion and was uncoordinated with no emergency HQ being established, while crew members were unclear as to where Command was located. 20 crew lost their lives when the D80 destroyer was hit by an Argentine Exocet missile - and the ship sank a few days later on May 10. With the wounded already on board "Hermes", "Arrow" took off most of the 260 survivors and "Sheffield" drifted for four days until "Yarmouth" was ordered to pull her clear of the TEZ. Here's a pictorial look at HMS Sheffield. With the wounded already on board "Hermes", "Arrow" took off most of the 260 survivors and "Sheffield" drifted for four days until "Yarmouth" was ordered to pull her clear of the TEZ. The board however found that the principal warfare officer and the anti-air warfare officer (AAWO) were guilty of negligence. Two Exocets had been launched, the second missile being sighted by Yarmouth and missing Sheffield, splashing into the sea a 0.5 miles (0.43 nmi) off her port beam. , The sinking of Sheffield is sometimes blamed on a superstructure made wholly or partially from aluminium, the melting point and ignition temperature of which are significantly lower than those of steel. The synthetics had a tendency to melt on to the skin, causing more severe burns than if the crew had been wearing non-synthetic clothing. At 10:35, the Neptune climbed to 1,170 metres (3,840 ft) and detected one large and two medium-sized contacts. After a short spell carrying out anti-invasion duties in the English Channel, she joined Force H, based in Gibraltar. Lost Crew of HMS Sheffield (D80) Roll Call. A lengthy refit in Boston and in Britain kept Sheffield out of action until after the end of the war. In February 1943, Sheffield moved to operate in the Bay of Biscay and, in July and August, she supported the landings at Salerno (Operation Avalanche). Her nickname, the "Shiny Sheff", stemmed from this. During that time, she operated in the Mediterranean and the Atlantic until the year's end, and took part in Operation White and the battle of Cape Spartivento. Unlike most Royal Navy ships of her time, her fittings were constructed from stainless steel instead of the more traditional brass. Three Royal Navy warships have been named HMS Sheffield after the city and county borough of Sheffield, South Yorkshire.. HMS Sheffield (C24) (1936) – a Town-class light cruiser which saw service in World War II from the Arctic Circle and the Atlantic to the Mediterranean.She was one of the Royal Navy pursuit ships that tracked down the German battleship Bismarck. Torpedo tubes removed except for those on Deck 1 and above ( which subsequently caught fire when was! 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