It seems that after WWII secret services refrained from killing each other’s personnel. Kim Philby was born on January 1, 1912 and died on May 11, 1988. Mr Roberts, 73, died last year on Jersey and the Philby photos are being sold at auction by his estate. You should have seen his face.". "I tried everything to save him; after all, he was killing himself. Articles from Britannica Encyclopedias for elementary and high school students. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). "Philby's father nicknamed his son Kim after the … While working as a senior member of British intelligence, he spied on behalf of the Soviet KGB and NKVD from the early… Philby's less attractive personal qualities were matched by a charm to which many of his MI6 colleagues succumbed. He was educated at Aldro prep school and Westminster S… He had got afraid that I would leave, and hidden the boot.". He went on to serve the KGB for 54 years. Pukhova said he was a "special" and principled man. Aileen Furse & Kim Philby. He was 76. Philby had defected to the Soviet Union from Beirut in 1963, and was treated with respect, but felt isolated. He and Pukhova married in 1971, when he was 59 and she was 38. He was born in 1915 in Danville, Indiana, where his father, an attorney, died ten months after … And here he was struck by disappointment, brought to tears. After Burgess’s and MacLean’s defections, suspicion fell on Philby, and he was relieved of his intelligence duties in 1951 and dismissed from MI-6 in 1955. Aileen died in 1957, when Tommy was just 11 years old; his contact with his father was cut off as soon as the double spy defected to the USSR in January 1963. Harold "Kim" Philby was a senior officer in Britain’s Secret Intelligence Service, known as MI6, who began his work for the Soviet Union as a spy in 1934. Long after the Soviet Union they spied for collapsed in 1991, Philby remains a hero in Russia. According to an account which Philby later filed for The Times, the car was hit by an artillery shell in the small village of Caude. Some could never quite come to terms that he was a traitor. The footage sheds long-awaited new light on Philby: Despite making headlines around the world and inspiring books and films about his exploits, the … Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. The gang of British spies who ended up in Moscow in the 1950s and 1960s were employed in KGB training schools and international research institutes. In the Cold War some sons of privilege betrayed Britain in the service of tyranny. Harold "Kim" Philby. Photograph: Daily Mail/Rex Features. Corrections? Kim Philby Birthday and Date of Death. In contrast to Blake, Philby and Burgess – and to a less extent Maclean – suffered from nostalgia for Britain. Philby, Burgess and MacLean – Spy Scandal of the Century, a BBC drama produced for TV in 1977, covers the period of the late 1940s, when British intelligence investigated Kim Philby's colleague Donald Maclean until 1955 when the British government cleared Philby because it did … Updates? "I said something to the escort and he just stayed silent, sitting, leafing through his magazine. Philby later recalled: "So it was a date well remembered, because it … George Blake, who is still alive, got on well with him than with Philby. He defected to the USSR in 1963, where he died in 1988 at the age of 76. Philby had other less damaging routines: a cup of Russian tea at 7am and English tea with milk at 5pm, drunk from a fine porcelain cup. In 1963 he was revealed to be a member of the Cambridge Five, a spy ring which passed information to the Soviet Union during World War II and in the early stages of the Cold War. Kim Philby, British intelligence officer until 1951 and the most successful Soviet double agent of the Cold War period. "There was one funny incident," she remembered. Harold (Kim) Philby, the last surviving member of the triumvirate of spies who shook the British espionage system to its marrow 30 years ago, died Wednesday in Moscow. Likewise, how did Kim Philby die? Kim Philby was probably the most successful double spy in history. British intelligence officer and Soviet spy. He worked as a journalist until 1940, when Guy Burgess, a British secret agent who was himself a Soviet double agent, recruited Philby into the MI-6 section of the British intelligence service. Ring in the new year with a Britannica Membership, This article was most recently revised and updated by, https://www.britannica.com/biography/Kim-Philby, The History Learning Site - Biography of Kim Philby, Spartacus Educational - Biography of Kim Philby, Kim Philby - Student Encyclopedia (Ages 11 and up). His drinking made him paranoid that his wife would abandon him. Kim Philby, the most successful of the Cambridge spies, tried to drink himself to death in Moscow because he was disillusioned with communism … Milne knew most of the players in the Philby story and his is a valuable, judicious insider’s account. Maclean bequeathed Blake his library of books, including Trollope, Macaulay's History of England, Morley's Life of Gladstone, and the Macmillan and Eden memoirs. Philby was later awarded the Order of Lenin and made a KGB general. Thereafter he worked as a journalist in Beirut until fleeing to the Soviet Union in 1963. Harold Adrian Russell "Kim" Philby (1 January 1912 – 11 May 1988) was a British intelligence officer and a double agent for the Soviet Union. Charlotte Philby in Moscow with her father John, after Kim Philby died in 1988 (Photo: Charlotte Philby) I imagine there was a light breeze as my … Kim Philby. Born in 1946, Dudley ‘Tommy’ Philby is the third of Kim’s five children with his second of four wives, Aileen Furse Philby. He reported to the Soviet NKVD from the Spanish civil war under the guise of a correspondent for the Times, and in 1940 joined the Secret Intelligence Service (SIS, or MI6), becoming a double agent and passing many secrets to the Kremlin. But in Russia he is still admired as a hero. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. But I do have a strong sense of being in Moscow with him and my family,” she said. By coincidence another book about Philby has appeared simultaneously, Kim Philby: the Unknown Story of the KGB’s Master Spy (Biteback, £20), written by another former friend and MI6 operative, Tim Milne, who died in 2010. Please refer to the appropriate style manual or other sources if you have any questions. Philby died in Moscow in 1988 at the age of 76, receiving the funeral of a hero of the Soviet Union. "Once, a big group of us were on a trip on the Volga: Kim and I and, of course, his KGB escort, and the escort's daughter. Clare Hollingworth celebrates her 105th birthday at … He never promised to give up, but once, completely unexpectedly, he suddenly said, 'I'm afraid I'm going to lose you, I'm not going to drink any more.' Read the essential details about Kim Philby that includes images, quotations and the main facts of his life. Philby died in the city in 1988, 25 years after defecting to the Soviet Union, where he was employed as an occasional consultant to the KGB helping to prepare spies for missions to the west. “Kim” Philby’s oldest son, has penned an extensive account of her memories of her grandfather. While holding this highly sensitive post, he revealed to the U.S.S.R. an Allied plan to send armed anticommunist bands into Albania in 1950, thereby assuring their defeat; warned two Soviet double agents in the British diplomatic service, Burgess and Donald MacLean, that they were under suspicion (the two men consequently escaped to the Soviet Union in 1951); and transmitted detailed information about MI-6 and the Central Intelligence Agency to the Soviets. The Hick From Indiana Who Nailed Master Spy Kim Philby. "He once even said that it was the easiest way to bring life to an end. Kim Philby would have been 76 years old at the time of death or 103 years old today. Born in India in 1912, Philby became a communist sympathiser after leaving Cambridge and began working as a KGB informer in the mid 1930s in London. It was the day that Neville Chamberlain declared war on Nazi Germany. Donald Maclean, although arrogant and someone who liked a drink too, was regarded as more convivial. Philby published a book, My Silent War (1968), detailing his exploits. media caption During the 1950s and early 1960s Kim Philby denied being a Soviet agent while working for MI6. He died in Moscow in 1988. Kim Philby was born on 1 January 1912 in the Punjab region of India. ", Pukhova, now 78, said she was irritated by stories about Philby's drink problem, but admitted he wasn't always able to stick to his two-glass rule. Additionally, what did Kim Philby do? We got together in our cabin to discuss our plans. It was a bit too late as all the damage was already done, for starters. Kim Philby died in 1988. • Wife claims defector tried to drink himself to death, Kim Philby in Russia in 1968, five years after defecting. There he settled in Moscow and eventually reached the rank of colonel in the KGB, the Soviet intelligence service. And he kept his word to the end." In the later years of his life a senior KGB officer who bumped into him described Philby as an “alcoholic wreck”. It was a miracle. He was nicknamed after the protagonist in Rudyard Kipling's novel Kim about a young Irish Indian boy who spies for the British in India during the 19th century. Kim was 76 years old at the time of death. Kim Philby, the most successful of the Cambridge spies, tried to drink himself to death in Moscow because he was disillusioned with communism and tortured by his own failings, his last wife has said in an interview. John Philby, the eldest son of Soviet spy Kim Philby, who was a double agent and the notorious Third Man in the Cambridge spy ring of the 1930s, has died in England. Kim Philby was born on January 1, 1912 and died on May 11, 1988. He was apparently responsible for the deaths of many Western agents whose activities he betrayed to the Soviets during the 1940s and early ’50s. "Kim believed in a just society and devoted his whole life to communism. Heart failure . 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