One-third of the inhabitants died in the epidemic of the Black Death of 1348–9. In between are the regions of Anjou, Saumur, Bourgueil, Chinon, and Vouvray. PK 0.0     Confluence of Maine, r/b [34] A dam across the Loire at Saint-Léger-des-Vignes provides navigable conditions to cross from the Canal du Nivernais to the Canal latéral à la Loire. Whereas the total biomass is low in the upper reaches, the biodiversity is high, with more than 250 taxa at Orléans. These ridges and islands facilitated the crossing of the river leading to the growth of Nantes. [45], The Baroque style artists who created some of the exquisite château structures were: the Parisian, François Mansart (1598–1662) whose classical symmetrical design is seen in the Château de Blois; Jacques Bougier (1635) of Blois whose classical design is the Château de Cheverny; Guillaume Bautru remodelled the Château de Serrant (at the extreme western end of the valley). In his work History of the Franks, Bishop Gregory of Tours wrote of the frequent plundering by the Bretons of the area's wine stocks. The Upper Loire includes the Sauvignon blanc dominated areas of Sancerre and Pouilly-Fumé. – 2 rue Marcel Sembat, 44100 Nantes (PK 0-87). [1] In the middle section of the river in the Loire Valley, numerous dikes built between the 12th and 19th century exist, providing mitigation against flooding. PK 83.6     Railway bridge (Résal) The Loire at Montsoreau, J. M. W. Turner, 1832, Château de Montsoreau-Museum of Contemporary Art. La Loire est le plus long fleuve de France [N 1], avec une longueur de 1 006 kilomètres [1].Elle prend sa source sur le versant sud du mont Gerbier-de-Jonc au sud-est du Massif central dans le département de l'Ardèche, et se jette dans l’océan Atlantique par un estuaire situé en Loire-Atlantique, dans l'ouest de la région des Pays de la Loire. Loire Valley Castles and Kings. The European eel (Anguilla anguilla) is common in the upper streams, whereas the flounder (Platichtys flesus) and flathead mullet (Mugil spp.) PK 23.6     Montjean-sur-Loire suspension bridge (D15), quay d/s l/b, village l/b 296 x 300 gif 17kB. The Loire Valley (French: Vallée de la Loire) lies in the middle stretch of the river, extends for about 280 km (170 mi) and comprises an area of roughly 800 km2 (310 sq mi). [42], The WWF, BirdLife International, and local conservation bodies have also made considerable efforts to improve the conservation of the Loire estuary and its surroundings, given that they are unique habitats for migrating birds. Several départements of France were named after the Loire. As a result, the Loire is a very popular river for boating excursions, flowing through a pastoral countryside, past limestone cliffs and historic castles. The source of the river lies in the eastern Massif Central, in springs to the south side of Mont Gerbier de Jonc at 44°50′38″N 4°13′12″E / 44.84389°N 4.22000°E / 44.84389; 4.22000. PK 84.0     Junction with Canal de Nantes à Brest (canalised river Erdre), r/b [22] During the 17th century, Jean-Baptiste Colbert instituted the use of stone retaining walls and quays from Roanne to Nantes, which helped make the river more reliable,[23] but navigation was still frequently stopped by excessive conditions during flood and drought. PK 82.4     Railway bridge (Pont de la Vendée) Check added May 28, 2008. The largest tributary of the river is the Allier, 410 km (250 mi) in length, which joins the Loire near the town of Nevers at 46°57′34″N 3°4′44″E / 46.95944°N 3.07889°E / 46.95944; 3.07889. From commons.wikimedia.org. In choosing this area that includes the French départements of Loiret, Loir-et-Cher, Indre-et-Loire, and Maine-et-Loire, the committee said that the Loire Valley is: At a certain point during the long history of uplift in the Paris Basin, the lower, Atlantic Loire captured the "palaeo-Loire" or Loire séquanaise ("Seine Loire"), producing the present river. Les Rosiers-sur-Loire by Jean-Jacques Delusse [fr], 1800. [13] Many inhabitants around the present city of Orléans have names bearing witness to the Alan presence – Allaines. (With maps.)' The Loire Valley wine region includes the French wine regions situated along the Loire River from the Muscadet region near the city of Nantes on the Atlantic coast to the region of Sancerre and Pouilly-Fumé just southeast of the city of Orléans in north central France. Sèvre Nantaise (in Nantes) Erdre (in Nantes) Èvre (in Le Marillais) Layon (in Chalonnes-sur-Loire) Maine (near Angers) Mayenne (near Angers) Oudon (in Le Lion-d'Angers) Verzée (in Segré) Ernée (in Saint-Jean-sur-Mayenne) Sarthe (near Angers) Loir (north of A [41], In 1986, the French government, the Loire-Brittany Water Agency and the EPALA settled an agreement on flood prevention and water [40] The Federation, a member of the IUCN since 1970, has been very important in the campaign to save the Loire river system from development. The second-longest tributary, the 372 km (231 mi) Vienne, joins the Loire at Candes-Saint-Martin at 47°12′45″N 0°4′31″E / 47.21250°N 0.07528°E / 47.21250; 0.07528, followed by the 367.5 km (228.4 mi) Cher, which joins the Loire near Cinq-Mars-la-Pile at 47°20′33″N 0°28′49″E / 47.34250°N 0.48028°E / 47.34250; 0.48028 and the 287 km (178 mi) Indre, which joins the Loire near Néman at 47°14′2″N 0°11′0″E / 47.23389°N 0.18333°E / 47.23389; 0.18333. Terms, Conditions, ©Copyrightand Privacy Statement, Contact Address french-waterways.com •  2 Michaels Court, Hanney Road, Southmoor, OX13 5HR, UK •  Port Lalande, 47260 Castelmoron-sur-Lot, France. Loire river map consists of 9 awesome pics and I hope you like it. Loire River cruises were not available until 2015. The Loire (/lwɑːr/, also US: /luˈɑːr/; French: [lwaʁ] (listen); Occitan: Léger; Breton: Liger) is the longest river in France and the 171st longest in the world. The 3 chateaux visited in one day was exhausting but worth it. Hundreds more were drowned in the Loire by Catholics.[16]. Sancerre Town Map Sancerre Town Map 43 miles away. PK 0.0     Junction with Canal latéral à la Loire (embranchement de Decize), l/b The latter are mostly affected by the industrial pollution, construction of dams and drainage of oxbows and swamps. svptours.com. PK 85.5     Railway bridge (Pornic), limit [42], The WWF were particularly important in changing the perception of the French authorities in support for dam building to environmental protection and sustainable management of its river basin. With more vines competing for the same limited resources in the soil, the density is designed to compensate for the excessive yields that some of the grape varieties, like Chenin blanc, are prone to have. [53] Among these different wine styles, Loire wines tend to exhibit characteristic fruitiness with fresh, crisp flavours-especially in their youth.[51]. Check out our loire river map selection for the very best in unique or custom, handmade pieces from our shops. Fit to window or press esc. PK 10.9     Railway bridge (Alleud) [32] The most serious floods occurred in 1856, 1866 and 1911. PK 82.4     Railway bridge (Pont de la Vendée) PK 86.3     Bridge (Trois Continents) With decreasing flow, first species which appear are single-celled diatoms such as Cyclostephanos invisitatus, C. meneghiniana, S. Hantzschii and Thalassiosira pseudonana. It was also a dumping ground for prisoners in the War in the Vendee since they thought it was a more effective way of killing. In low water periods enquiries should be made at the VNF office (address below) before making the passage. By the 5th century, the flourishing viticulture of the area was noted in a publication by the poet Sidonius Apollinaris. In 52 BC, the Romans built a city in Tours. The Loire Valley has a long history of winemaking dating back to the 1st century. [1] Portrait of the Loire, by Jean-Max Albert, 1988. The Crémant de Loire which refers to any sparkling wine made according to the traditional method of Champagne. PK 83.5     Bridge (Léopold Sédar Senghor) 767 x 800 gif 36kB . Link between Canal latéral à la Loire Information about the 138km navigable long river Loire. Unlike most other rivers in western Europe, there are very few dams or locks creating obstacles to its natural flow. It was nearly closed in 1971 but, in the early 21st century, it still provides navigation further up the Loire valley to Digoin. This avifauna has been rather stable, at least between the 1980s and 2000s, with significant abundance variations observed only for 17 species. In 1700 the port of Nantes numbered more inland waterway craft than any other port in France, testifying to the historic importance of navigation on France’s longest river. In the 5th century, the Roman Empire declined and the Franks and the Alemanni came to the area from the east. Authority – VNF – Direction régionale de Nantes PK 95.0     Basse-Indre quay, village r/b, Indret quay l/b, ferry [30], Its main tributaries include the rivers Maine, Nièvre and the Erdre on its right bank, and the rivers Allier, Cher, Indre, Vienne, and the Sèvre Nantaise on the left bank. kids.britannica.com. Map Of France Showing Loire River. [11] By around 5000 to 4000 BC, they began clearing forests along the river edges and cultivating the lands and rearing livestock. [1], The Loire Valley, in particular, enjoys a pleasant temperate climate. La Loire à Vélo is a unique, 800km cycle route. Download this waterway’s information (including extra detail) as a PDF document (click lefthand icon) or download it included in a complete set of all the waterways in this region (click righthand icon). Inland Waterways of France– 310 pages : 8th Edition : 2010 –The comprehensive Imray book (click lefthand) ‘Inland Waterways of France’ and its accompanying map (click righthand) cover all the rivers and canals of France in full descriptive detail. In the 17th century, there was feverish pace in the design of châteaux for introducing exotic styles; a notable structure of this period is the Pagode de Chanteloup at Amboise, which was built between 1773 and 1778.[45]. [1] It is also known as the Garden of France – due to the abundance of vineyards, fruit orchards, artichoke, asparagus and cherry fields which line the banks of the river[44] – and also as the "cradle of the French language". [1] The river can be divided into three main zones:[1], In the upper basin the river flows through a narrow, incised valley, marked by gorges and forests on the edges and a distinct low population. Guest House, Bed and Breakfast, Hotel, Camping, Inn. 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